• to prevent a sufficiently global passive adversary from learning who is communicating with whom
  • to detect active attacks against the network infrastructure
  • hide message content from participating providers, hide recipient identity from the sender’s provider, and the sender identity from the recipient’s provider
  • support for both “instant messaging” and “email” use cases
  • reliable out of order delivery


  • to hide the sender identity from the final recipient


Supported by

European Union flag
This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Grant Agreement No 653497, Privacy and Accountability in Networks via Optimized Randomized Mix-nets (Panoramix)”.